After reading from Smith, who does he imply is responsible for the well-being of a person - the government or the individual? Do you agree with him? Why or why not?
I think that he says it is the responsibility of both the individual and the government.A big idea that I got from Smith is that each individual,, by pursuing his or her own self-interests, promotes the general welfare of society. Within that idea, I think he is saying that every individual should pursue their own self-interest, and their own welfare. He specifically says that he does not want the government to heavily interfere in the economy, which I think also applies to an individuals personal decisions. He says that the government is there to enforce the natural laws of justice, and to help steer trade into what is beneficial of society. So this means, the government is responsible for a certain degree of their wellbeing. The government should protect them and try and keep a functional society. However, he also says that each person should take care of themselves and make their own decisions when it comes to trade and their personal lives and careers.
Friday, August 21, 2015
Monday, August 3, 2015
The Industrial Revolution represents progress in terms of productivity and the overall standard of living. But no everyone benefited, especially in the beginning. Many farmers didn't want to leave their land, many workers hated factory work, children were exploited, and pollution increased. Is it progress if not everyone is progressing?
I would say to a certain extent, progress is progress if not everyone is progressing. If this were not true, then you wouldn't be able to call anything progress. In every situation, there is someone who is not better off or unhappy. There's no such thing as progress that always benefits every individual. I think that progress is defined by how much the community and society is benefited. I would think that the Industrial Revolution positively influenced not just Britain, but many parts of the world. In sense, doesn't that make it worth it?
However, I can see how people saw the Industrial Revolution as something regressive. Many people, especially children, were take advantage of and left unhappy because of this revolution. Progress is something that should be apparent in everyone's lives. Unfortunately, there will always someone who will be unhappy in face of progress. For example, recently the world has seen a major change in mindset regarding women, people of color and people part of the LGBTQA+ community. In the last few years, the people in these communities earned many more rights. There are people unhappy with recent developments with this rights. However, it's still seen as progress with the majority of people! Despite the small amount of people who are unhappy, there is a large amount of people who are happier because of this.
Progress is progress even if not everyone is progressing.